Gualala RiverDistrict Watershed
Located in southern Sonoma County, and a portion of northeastern Marin County, the Petaluma River Watershed encompasses a 146 square mile, pear-shaped basin. The watershed is approximately 19 miles long and 13 miles wide with the City of Petaluma near its center.
The headwaters and ephemeral tributaries of Petaluma River begin on the steep southwest slopes of Sonoma Mountain, the southern slopes of Mecham Hill, and the eastern slopes of Weigand’s Hill and Mt. Burdell. The confluence of Willow Brook, Liberty Creek, and Weigand’s Creek form the headwaters of the Petaluma Watershed just upstream of Rainsville Road and Stony Point Road. The Petaluma River itself flows across the Denman Flat area and through the City of Petaluma. Tidal influence extends upstream of the confluence with Lynch Creek (beyond the railroad crossing). A number of tributaries flow into the Petaluma River, the largest of which include: Lichau, Lynch, Washington Adobe and San Antonio Creeks. .
Petaluma Watershed is diverse and includes the City of Petaluma as well as vital rural and agricultural lands. Mountainous or hilly upland areas comprise 56% of the watershed. Thirty-three percent of the watershed is valley, and the lower 11% are salt marshes. Sonoma Mountain at 2,295 feet is the highest point in the watershed. The Petaluma River empties into the northwest portion of San Pablo Bay.
The lower 12 miles of the Petaluma River flow through the Petaluma Marsh, the largest remaining salt marsh in San Pablo Bay. The marsh covers 5,000 acres and is surrounded by approximately 7,000 acres of reclaimed wetlands. Prior to reclamation, marshland elevations ranged from mean sea level to 3 feet above mean sea level.
The landscape within the Petaluma Watershed encompasses an area of great plant diversity and maintains a series of valuable biological characteristics. The complex network of tributaries feeding the Petaluma River and the slough itself play a significant role in maintaining the ecological systems of the region. Terrestrial vegetation types and riparian communities constitute an area of tremendous biodiversity, which provides habitat for a number of species. These vegetation types include varieties found in urban and agricultural areas, grasslands and oak savannahs, wetlands, vernal pools, riparian corridors, and both salt and brackish water marshlands.
Fish and Wildlife
The Petaluma River watershed includes a diversity of fresh water, brackish water, and salt water habitats. A significant amount of the state’s Pacific flyway migratory water birds rely on the watershed’s wetlands. Among the many diverse species found in the watershed is the great blue heron (Ardea herodias), great egret (Ardea alba), willow flycatcher, (Empidonax traillii), California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii), bank swallow (Riparia riparia), steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and spring/winter-run Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), and the American badger (Taxidea taxus).
Current and Past RCD Programs
- The RCD has worked with many agricultural producers in Petaluma River Watershed to enhance their farming operations and protect soil and water resources.
- The RCD is working with the Casa Grande Anglers, NOAA, and State Parks to develop a in-stream and/or riparian enhancement project on Adobe Creek, a tributary to the Petaluma River. The goals of the project is to enhance steelhead habitat and riparian habitat function and diversity.
Watershed Scale Planning
- Historical Hydrology Study of the Petaluma River Watershed: In partnership with the San Francisco Estuary Institute – Aquatic Science Center (SFEI), the RCD is collecting historical data about the streams encompassed by the Petaluma River Watershed in order to develop a comprehensive historical hydrology study. This study will help summarize the historical land use and hydrologic changes that have occurred within this watershed. This data will help inform and guide stakeholders and partner agencies when identifying future restoration and environmental enhancement projects for the Petaluma River and its tributaries.
- In 2013, the RCD worked to update the original Petaluma Watershed Enhancement Plan with watershed partners. Draft still under review.
- Habitat Enhancement: The RCD plays an integral role implementing flood control, channel maintenance, and revegetation projects. Many of these projects have been implemented on Adobe, Lichau, Capri and Lynch, creeks and the Denman and Corona reaches along the Petaluma River.
- Levee Maintenance Program: In order to maintain the levees, landowners are required to obtain permits from many jurisdictional agencies. Currently, the RCD administers several permits issued by each regulatory agency for levee maintenance activities being completed by numerous landowners in the Petaluma River Watershed. Read more about the Levee here.
Agricultural and Environmental Education
- Annually the RCD hosts the Petaluma Fall Trash Cleanup Event with the Friends of the Petaluma River, where over 260 residents, youth and community members come out to help clean up the watershed along targeted tributaries and main stem access points.
- FARMS Leadership Program field days are annually hosted on private agricultural properties in South County.
- Agricultural Heritage Series public outings are annually held in partnership with the Sonoma Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, touring conservation easement protected working agricultural properties.
Water Resources Management
- “Slow it, Spread It, Sink It, Store It!” (View & Download PDF) practices are implemented with landowners throughout the watershed. These practices can help to protect and replenish groundwater resources, reduce erosion and pollution, prevent flooding and increase water conservation and stormwater management.
Links to Important Organizations in the Watershed
Friends of the Petaluma River Watershed
North Bay Agricultural Alliance
City of Petaluma
Western United Dairymen
San Francisco Estuary Institute
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
United States Army Corps of Engineers
United States Department of Agriculture
United States Environmental Protection Agency
United States Fish & Wildlife Service
California Coastal Conservancy
California Department of Fish and Wildlife
California Regional Water Quality Control Boards, North Coast Region
California State Water Resources Control Board
University of California Cooperative Extension
Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District
Sonoma County Department of Transportation and Public Works
Sonoma County Permit and Resource Management Department
Sonoma County Public Health Division
Sonoma County Regional Parks Department
Sonoma County Water Agency
Sonoma County Agricultural Commissioner
San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board
Sonoma County Farm Bureau
Sonoma County Farm Trails
Sonoma County Winegrape Commission
Sonoma Land Trust
California Waterfowl Association
Community Alliance of Family Farmers
For more information about the Petaluma Watershed please contact Kara Heckert at 707.569.1448 ext 104 or firstname.lastname@example.org.